Ask if the person requires assistance.
Touch the back of their hand with the back of your hand.
They take your arm, left hand to right arm or vice versa, just above the elbow.
The grip is like holding a glass, thumb to one side, fingers to the other.
You must both keep your elbows close to your body.
By gripping harder and pulling back on your arm the person you are guiding can let you know a comfortable speed.
You are responsible for the safety of both people, you decide on the speed.
You can keep your arm relaxed by your side.
The person you are guiding stays half a step behind you
Travelling through narrow spaces, e.g. between bollards or cars, in crowds
Briefly explain the situation.
Move your guiding arm behind your back.
The person with the sight loss straightens their arm to prevent stepping on the guide's heels.
Watch where the person you are guiding is.
It is sometimes helpful for the person with the sight loss to hold your shoulder with their free hand.
Once through the narrow space you return your arm to your side.
Changing side when you encounter an obstacle on one side of your path
Let the person know about the situation and that they will need to change arms.
Slow down or stop.
The following instructions assume a move from left to right:
Push your right elbow slightly back behind you, making it easier for the other person to locate it.
The person you are guiding reaches across your back with their left hand and locates your right elbow.
They take hold of this elbow and release the left arm.
You can now continue on your way.
Seating - approaching a seat from front or back
Explain the seating situation and the type of seat, e.g. row of seats, facing away from you, low seats, seats with arms.
Bring the person up to the seat using sighted guide technique.
Put their hand on the seat.
If the person needs to move around the chair, let them know which side is clear.
They should line up the back of their legs against the seat to prevent them from sitting on chair arms or missing the seat.
The person sits down.
Alert the person to steps, e.g. they go up, there are two flights.
Stand at the edge of the first step.
Have the person stand beside you and ensure they are correctly aligned with the steps.
If there is a hand-rail put their hand onto it.
You then step onto the first step and maintain one step between you.
To negotiate a doorway you need to be on the handle side.
Change sides if necessary.
Describe the door, e.g. it is heavy, with self-closing mechanism.
Approach the door and take hold of the handle.
Place the person's hand on to the door.
Move through the door slowly.
The person you are guiding closes the door.
Seating in Cars
Explain which direction the car is facing and any peculiarities.
Make sure the person you are guiding is on the car side of you.
Open the car door and place their free hand onto the top of the door.
They can then get into the car.
Check that they aren't going to knock their head on the car.
Let them know you are closing the door.